23 May 2022 – Global animal welfare organisation FOUR PAWS has rescued two female Asiatic black bear cubs, confiscated by the authorities in Lai Chau province in northwestern Vietnam on 13 May. FOUR PAWS has safely brought the two cubs to its Vietnam-based BEAR SANCTUARY Ninh Binh.
Vietnamese authorities arrested a man carrying around a suspicious looking sack, in which he had the bear cubs. He confessed to having caught them in a cardamom field, with plans to sell them in the illegal wildlife trade.
“Both cubs are very small, only weighing 2.4 and 3.3. kilograms but otherwise they are in good health. We will provide them with an appropriate diet so they can grow up healthy. At the moment they mostly eat, play, and sleep but we can already see their individual personalities showing. Bé is very playful and confident, while Em for now is more reserved but nonetheless curious. We commend the authorities for stepping in and making sure these animals do not have to suffer any further,”
says Emily Lloyd, Animal Manager at BEAR SANCTUARY Ninh Binh.
In recent years, the team at BEAR SANCTUARY Ninh Binh has hand-raised five bear cubs rescued from similar circumstances as Bé and Em and are therefore highly experienced with the needs of such young bears.
Releasing the bear cubs back into the wild is not possible, as there are no safe locations in Vietnam and no projects set up to reintroduce bear cubs into the wild. At BEAR SANCTUARY Ninh Binh, the cubs will have a life-long and species-appropriate home among fellow rescued Asiatic black bears.
Wildlife trade in Vietnam
The legal and illegal wildlife trade in Vietnam is a billion-dollar industry which sees animals taken from the wild and bred in captivity to be sold in markets, restaurants, online and used in pseudo-traditional medicines throughout the country. Since 2005 it is forbidden by law in Vietnam to hunt, trap, possess, kill, sell, or advertise bear or bear products in an effort not only to tackle the illegal wildlife trade but to end bear farming for the bile trade. However, while the bear bile industry is declining, the illegal wildlife trade is flourishing and millions of wild animals like Bé and Em continue to suffer.
Due to a penal code revision in 2018, illegal wildlife trafficking can now lead into a maximum punishment of 15 years in prison depending on the severity of the crime. Prison sentences are becoming the new norm for court trials for serious wildlife crime in Vietnam, and 43 offenders have been convicted for five or more years between 2018 and 2020.
BEAR SANCTUARY Ninh Binh: A species-appropriate home for rescued bears
FOUR PAWS has been working with local partners since 2017 to rescue as many bears as possible from their sad fate. With its bear sanctuary in Ninh Binh, FOUR PAWS is supporting the Vietnamese government to contribute to an end of bear farming in Vietnam and provide a species-appropriate home for rescued bears. BEAR SANCTUARY Ninh Binh is not only a safe home for former bile bears and bears that are victims of the illegal wildlife trade, but also, an awareness and education centre for wildlife conservation in Vietnam. With the newly rescued bear cubs it currently houses 49 Asiatic black bears.
Asiatic black bears are native to Vietnam and on the brink of local extinction because of poaching and the illegal wildlife trade where demand for their parts and derivatives remains.
FOUR PAWS is the global animal welfare organisation for animals under direct human influence, which reveals suffering, rescues animals in need and protects them.
Founded in 1988 in Vienna by Heli Dungler and friends, the organisation advocates for a world where humans treat animals with respect, empathy and understanding. The sustainable campaigns and projects of FOUR PAWS focus on companion animals including stray dogs and cats, animals in fashion, farm animals, and wild animals – such as bears, big cats, and orangutans – kept in inappropriate conditions as well as in disaster and conflict zones.
With offices in Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, France, Germany, Kosovo, the Netherlands, Switzerland, South Africa, Thailand, Ukraine, the UK, the USA, and Vietnam as well as sanctuaries for rescued animals in eleven countries, FOUR PAWS provides rapid help and long-term solutions. www.four-paws.org.au